Constitutionally, every state in the United States of America is required to have a house of representatives and each of them comprises one hundred and fifty members who are elected by the state members and they all serve a two-year term. To become a member of the house of representatives, you must be a United States citizen, become a registered voter in the state you are representing, must be aged 21 and over, must live in the state for at least two years before being elected, and must have lived in the district he or she is being elected from for at least a year before being on the ballot paper and also be a member of a political party. At the beginning of the Regular Sessions, one member is elected that will lead the House – the speaker of the house of representatives. For 2 years, the speaker of the house of representatives will serve as the presiding officer of the House. There are a lot of functions the speaker of the house of representatives will need to perform while on his or her seat. Below are the functions of the speaker of the house of representatives.
The speaker of the house of representatives is chosen to serve as the presiding officer of the House each time a new Regular session commenced and is chosen through casting a ballot by the other elected members of the House. As the debate sessions take place in the House, the speaker will help to maintain order by giving the members an equal chance to contribute during the debates. It is a requirement in the Constitution that the speaker of the house of representatives signs all the bills and the petitions that have been passed by the members of the house. The speaker of the house of representatives may also vote since he is a member of the house of representative an all the questions brought into the House.
If there are meetings scheduled between the members of the house of representatives, the Speaker will conduct and chair these meetings. The speaker will also enforce the Rules of the House. If a seat in the House of Representatives is vacant due to some reason, the Speaker will declare it a vacant seat.
The members of a standing committee in the House are appointed by the speaker. The functions and the roles of the speaker of the house of representatives such as this role are decided by the members of the House through a majority vote before a regular session starts. In summation, we have discussed the duties of the speaker of the house of representatives.