There are many things that you need to consider if you want to make your website accessible to all. There are website accessibility standards that will help you in this regard such as the WCAG website accessibility guidelines. These guidelines are especially created for people who have disabilities and want to have the same access as regular people when it comes to the various websites that are present online. One of the most challenged individuals when accessing the web are the ones with visual impairments. When it comes to these people, they often deal with common website accessibility barriers. These common issues comprise non-HTML content, layout, inaccurate or missing alt text, navigation, and headings. These barriers have been shown to affect the ability of people with disabilities to use to use relevant technology like screen readers.
The keyboard commands that you find in screen readers are what make them useful. These features help people with disabilities get information about files, icons, various texts, and folders that are present on the screen. You can find screen readers among all operating systems. Most of these readers are very much capable of reading portions or all of whatever text can be seen on a page. To comply with these screen readers, though, you should create your website with website accessibility in mind. If you look at technology that support people with disabilities, you will notice that they use codes that are not only well-structured but also accessibility-enabled. You can expect errors in technology and screen readers used when there are faulty codes and code errors present.
When it comes to your website creation plans, being aware of website accessibility implies being aware of common website accessibility barriers. Two of the key elements to ensuring a more accessible website for everyone, especially those with disabilities, are layout and headings. Proper web headings ensures that the website visitor will find what they want to find on your page. Instead of using decorative headings, you should aim to place them in a descending logical order for people with disabilities to interpret your web page properly. The ability and complexity of screen readers vary when it comes to understanding HTML or CSS. Determining the sequence in which text is presented can be a challenge for many screen readers, which causes issues. Technology in screen readers enables used to look for text on screen as these readers will not be reading the whole web page. This is why a logical order should be followed when it comes to structuring HTML. Logical means that it should read from the right side, from top to bottom. This order ensures screen reader technology compliance.
When you have navigation, your website should allow the screen reader to skip them to make it more accessible. Also, the use of alternative tags and text for images must provide the content of the image.